LKB - Bose-Einstein condensates

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Recent research activities

Dynamical symmetry and breathers in a  two-dimensional Bose gas

We investigated the far from equilibrium dynamics of a 2D cloud of atoms in an harmonic trap. Starting from a uniform density distribution with various shapes, we use scaling/conformal invariance properties of the weakly-interacting 2D Bose gas to describe the dynamics of the cloud. In particular, we show how to connect the evolutions of clouds of different sizes and atom numbers in 2D harmonic traps with variable frequencies. Finally, we reveal the existence of two specific breather solutions: a triangle evolves periodically with a period T/2 (see picture) and a disk with a period 2T, where T is the period associated to the harmonic confinement. This surprising observation is confirmed by numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation but it remains a challenge to justify it from the basic properties of this equation.

Reference :

R. Saint-Jalm, P.C.M. Castilho, E. Le Cerf, B. Bakkali-Hassani, J.L. Ville, S. Nascimbene, J. Beugnon, J. Dalibard
Phys. Rev. X 9, 021035 (2019) and arXiv:1903.04528
Dynamical symmetry and breathers in a  two-dimensional Bose gas



Sound propagation in a 2D superfluid Bose gas

We studied the propagation of sound in a 2D Bose gas confined in a box potential. Below the critical temperature for the superfluid transition, we observed the propagation of a sound wave with a velocity compatible with the hydrodynamic prediction for second sound. Above the critical temperature we observed an unexpected damped sound mode that is attributed to a collisionless sound mode.

References :

J.L. Ville, R. Saint-Jalm, E. Le Cerf, M. Aidelsburger, S. Nascimbène, J. Dalibard, J. Beugnon
Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 145301 (2018) and arXiv:1804.04037
see also Synopsis in APS Physics
Sound propagation in a uniform superfluid two-dimensional Bose gas


Phase relaxation when merging independent BECs

We investigated the relaxation of the phase profile after merging a set of independent BECs arranged in a ring configuration. During the relaxation process superfluid currents are stochastically formed at long times. We fully characterized the distribution of winding numbers of these superfluid currents and compare it to the geodesic rule prediction. We also studied the short time evolution to gain a microscopic insight into the merging dynamics.

References :

M. Aidelsburger, J.L. Ville, R. Saint-Jalm, S. Nascimbène, J. Dalibard, J. Beugnon
Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 190403 (2017) and arXiv:1705.02650
Relaxation Dynamics in the Merging of N Independent Condensates


Light diffusion in a cold and dense 2D gas

Our 2D gas is an interesting system to investigate light diffusion. Our dense clouds allow us to investigate the regime where the typical distance between  atoms is smaller the the optical wavelength. In this regime, atoms respond collectivelly to the light excitation. Understanding the response of this many-body system is a challenging issue. We performed two experimental studies in which we studied first the coherent response of the cloud, probing the light transmission through the atomic slab and second the incoherent response looking at in-plane photon propagation after a localized excitation.

References :

L. Corman, J.L. Ville, R. Saint-Jalm, M. Aidelsburger, T. Bienaimé, S. Nascimbène, J. Dalibard, J. Beugnon
Phys. Rev. A 96, 053629 (2017) [Editor’s suggestion] and arXiv:1706.09698
Transmission of near-resonant light through a dense slab of cold atoms

R. Saint-Jalm, M. Aidelsburger, J.L. Ville, L. Corman, Z. Hadzibabic, D. Delande, S. Nascimbène, N. Cherroret, J. Dalibard, J. Beugnon
Phys. Rev. A
97, 061801(R) (2018) and arXiv:1802.04018
Resonant-light diffusion in a dense disordered atomic layer