ATOM INTERFEROMETRYS. Guellati-Khélifa, P. Cladé, F. Biraben
New determination of the fine structure constant and test of the quantum electrodynamics,
Rym Bouchendira, Pierre Cladé, Saïda Guellati-Khélifa, François Nez, and François Biraben
Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 080801 (2011)
Satya Bade (post-doc)
Savino Piccolino (post-doc)
Jun Sun (post-doc)
Léo Morel (PhD)
Determination of h/M on atomic rubidium
We use Bloch oscillations to accelerate ultracold rubidium atoms. The measurement of their final velocity is a way to determine very accurately the ratio h/M between the Planck constant and the atomic mass and thus to deduce the fine structure constant. We have accelerated the atoms in a vertical optical lattice and obtained a determination of the fine structure constant with a relative uncertainty of 0.7 ppb. Our experiment leads to the most precise value of α if one excepts the determinations coming from the g-2 of the electron.
New concepts in atom interferometer
In recent years new approaches of atom interferometry were proposed to push the sensitivity of such devices beyond the state of the art. The use of an atomic source issued from Bose-Einstein condensate is crucial, both for the realization of large momentum atomic beam splitters and for large-scale atomic interferometers. We are currently developing a new experimental set-up based on evaporative cooling of Rubidium atoms in dipole trap.