LKB - Optical Imaging in biogical and complex media

Sylvain Gigan

Sylvain Gigan


Screen Shot 2015-10-03 at 1.21.00 AM

  • Wave Physics – 2nd year
Academic Responsabilities
  • Physics Bachelor 2nd year – Responsible


Short Bio:

Sylvain Gigan obtained an engineering degree from Ecole Polytechnique (Palaiseau France) in 2000. After a Master Specialization in Physics from University Paris XI (Orsay, France), he obtained a PhD in Physics 2004 from University Pierre and Marie Curie (Paris, France) in quantum and non-linear Optics.
From 2004 to 2007, he was a postdoctoral researcher in Vienna University (Austria), working on quantum optomechanics, in the group of Markus Aspelmeyer and Anton Zeilinger. In 2007, he joined ESPCI ParisTech as Associate Professor, and started working on optical imaging in complex media and wavefront shaping techniques, at the Langevin Institute.

Since 2014, he is full professor at University Pierre et Marie Curie, and group leader in Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, at Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS, Paris). His research interests range from fundamental investigations of light propagation in complex media, biomedical imaging, sensing, signal processing, to quantum optics and quantum informations in complex media.

Publication List : 

  • Dong, S. Gigan, F. Krzakala, G. Wainrib, Scaling up Echo-State Networks with multiple light scattering, arXiv:1609.05204 (2016)
  • B. de Aguiar, S. Gigan, S. Brasselet, Polarization-resolved microscopy through scattering media via wavefront shaping, arXiv:1511.02347
  • Hojman, T. Chaigne, O. Solomon, S. Gigan, E. Bossy, Y. C. Eldar, O. Katz, Photoacoustic imaging beyond the acoustic diffraction-limit with dynamic speckle illumination and sparse joint support recovery, arXiv:1612.08278
  • B. Blochet, L. Bourdieu, S. Gigan Focusing light through dynamical samples using fast closed-loop wavefront optimization Opt. Lett. 42, 4994-4997 (2017) link
  • Savo, R. Pierrat, U. Najar, R. Carminati, S. Rotter, S. Gigan, Observation of mean path length invariance in light-scattering media  Science Vol. 358, Issue 6364, pp. 765-768 (2017) link
  • T. Wu, J. Dong, X. Shao, S. Gigan Imaging through a thin scattering layer and jointly retrieving the point-spread-function using phase-diversity Opt. Express 25, 27182-27194 (2017) link
  • M. Mounaix, H. B. de Aguiar, S. Gigan, Temporal recompression through a scattering medium via a broadband transmission matrix, Optica 4, 1289-1292 (2017) link
  • H.B. de Aguiar, S. Gigan, S. Brasselet, Polarization recovery through scattering media, Science Advances  Vol. 3, no. 9, e1600743 (2017) link
  • R. French, S. Gigan, O. Muskens, Speckle-based hyperspectral imaging combining multiple scattering and compressive sensing in nanowire mats, Opt. Lett. 42, 1820-1823 (2017) link
  • S. Rotter, S. Gigan, Light fields in complex media: mesoscopic scattering meets wave control, Rev. Mod. Phys. 89, 015005 (2017) link
  • E. Hojman, T. Chaigne, O. Solomon, S. Gigan, E. Bossy, Y. C. Eldar, O. Katz, Photoacoustic imaging beyond the acoustic diffraction-limit with dynamic speckle illumination and sparse joint support recovery, Opt. Express 25(5), 4875 (2017) link
  • A. Boniface, M. Mounaix, B. Blochet, R. Piestun, S. Gigan, Transmission-matrix-based point-spread-function engineering through a complex medium, Optica 4, 54-59 (2017) link
  •  T. Wu, O. Katz, X. Shao, S. Gigan, Single-shot diffraction-limited imaging through scattering layers via bispectrum analysis, Opt. Lett. 41(21), 5003-5006 (2016) link
  • H.B. de Aguiar, S. Gigan, S. Brasselet, Enhanced nonlinear imaging through scattering media using transmission matrix based wavefront shaping, Phys. Rev. A 94, 043830 (2016) link (editor’s suggestion)
  • M. Mounaix, H. Defienne, S. Gigan, Deterministic light focusing in space and time through multiple scattering media with a Time-Resolved Transmission Matrix approach, Phys. Rev. A 94, 041802 (2016) link (rapid communication)
  • B. Rajaei, S. Gigan, F. Krzakala, L. Daudet, Fast phase retrieval for high dimensions: A block-based approach, IEEE Signal Processing Letters 23,1179 (2016) link
  • A. Porat, E. Ravn Andresen, H. Rigneault, D. Oron, S. Gigan, O. Katz, Widefield lensless imaging through a fiber bundle via speckle correlations, Opt. Express 24, 16835-16855 (2016) link
  • M. Mounaix, D. Andreoli, H. Defienne, G.Volpe, O. Katz, S. Grésillon, and S. Gigan, Spatiotemporal coherent control of light through a multiply scattering medium with the Multi-Spectral Transmission Matrix, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 253901 (2016) link
  •  E. Bossy and S. Gigan, Photoacoustics with coherent light, Photoacoustics, doi:10.1016/j.pacs.2016.01.003 (2016) link
  • E. Pince, S.K.P. Velu,A. Callegari, S.Gigan, G.Volpe, G.Volpe, Disorder-mediated crowd control in an active matter system, Nat. Commun. 7:10907 doi: 10.1038/ncomms10907 (2016) link
  • H. Defienne, M. Barbieri, I. A. Walmsley, B. J. Smith, S. Gigan Control of two-photon quantum walk in a complex multimode system by wavefront shaping, Science Advances, Vol. 2, no. 1, e1501054 (2016) link
  • T. Chaigne, J. Gateau, M. Allain, O. Katz, S. Gigan, A. Sentenac, E. Bossy, Super-resolution photoacoustic fluctuation imaging with multiple speckle illumination, Optica 3, 54 (2016) link
  •  P. Bondareff, G. Volpe, S. Gigan, S. Grésillon, Probing extended modes on disordered plasmonic networks by wavefront shaping, ACS Photonics 2, 1658 (2015) link
  •  S.Schott, J.Bertolotti, J.F. Léger, L. Bourdieu, S. Gigan, Characterization of the angular memory effect of scattered light in biological tissues, Optics Express 23,13505 (2015) link
  • D. Andreoli, G. Volpe, S. Popoff, O. Katz, S. Grésillon, Gigan, Deterministic control of broadband light through a multiply scattering medium via the multispectral transmission matrix, Scientific Reports 5, 10347 (2015) link
  • (40) A. Dremeau, A. Liutkus, D. Martina, O. Katz, C. Schulke, F. Krzakala, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, Reference-less measurement of the transmission matrix of a highly scattering material using a DMD and phase retrieval techniques, Optics Express 23, 11898 (2015) link
  • (39) G. Pesce, G. Volpe, O.M. Marago, P.H. Jones, S. Gigan, A. Sasso, G. Volpe, Step-by-step Guide to the Realisation of Advanced Optical Tweezers, Journal of the Optical Society of America B, JOSA B Vol. 32, Iss. 5, pp. B84–B98 (2015) link
  • (38) S. M. Maliszewska, O. Katz, M. Fink, S. Gigan, Scanning-free imaging through a single fiber by random spatio-spectral encoding, Optics Letters 40, 534 (2015) link
  •  R. Pierrat, P. Ambichl, S. Gigan, A. Haber, R. Carminati, S. Rotter, Invariance property of wave scattering through disordered media, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA, 10.1073/pnas.1417725111 (2014) link
  • G. Volpe, S. Gigan, G. Volpe, Simulation of the active Brownian motion of a microswimmer, American Journal of Physics 82, 659 (2014) link
  • H. Defienne, M. Barbieri, B. Chalopin, B. Chatel, I. Walmsley, B. Smith, S. Gigan, Nonclassical light manipulation in a multiple-scattering medium, Optics Letters 39, 6090 (2014) link
  • T. Chaigne, O. Katz, J. Gateau, C. Boccara, S. Gigan, E. Bossy, Improving Photoacoustic-guided Focusing in Scattering Media by Spectrally Filtered Detection, Optics Letters, 39, 6054 (2014) link
  • O.Katz, P.Heidmann, M.Fink, S. Gigan, Non-invasive real-time imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations, Nature Photonics, 8, 794 (2014) link
    • Nature News Features “Optics: Super Vision” Zeeya Merali Nature 518, 158 (12 February 2015)
    • News and views “Peeking through the curtain” Jacopo Bertolotti, Nature Photonics, 8, 751 (2014)
    • Interview “Deciphering Speckle” Maria Maragkou, Nature Photonics, 8, 808 (2014)
  • G. Volpe, L. Kurz, A. Callegari, G. Volpe, S. Gigan, Speckle Optical Tweezers: Micromanipulation with Random Light Fields, Optics Express, 22, 18159 (2014) link
  • A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, I. Carron, Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium, Scientific Reports 4, 5552 (2014) link
  • N. Bachelard, S. Gigan, X. Noblin, P. Sebbah, Adaptive pumping for spectral control of random lasers, Nature Physics 10, 426–431 (2014) link
    • News and views “Random lasers: Playing pinball with light” Stefan Rotter, Nature Physics 10, 412–413 (2014)
  • T. Chaigne, J. Gateau, O. Katz, E. Bossy, S. Gigan, Light focusing and two-dimensional imaging through scattering media using the photoacoustic transmission matrix with an ultrasound array, Optics Letters 39, 2664 (2014) link
  • G. Volpe, G. Volpe, S. Gigan, Brownian Motion in a Speckle Light Field : Tunable Anomalous Diffusion and Selective Optical Manipulation, Scientific Reports, 4 : 3936 (2014) link
  • T. Chaigne, O. Katz, A.C. Boccara, M. Fink, E. Bossy, S. Gigan, Controlling light in scattering media noninvasively using the photo-acoustic transmission-matrix, Nature Photonics 8, 58 (2014) link
    • SPIE Newsroom “A photoacoustic transmission matrix for deep optical imaging” DOI: 10.1117/2.1201401.005312
  • J. Gateau, T. Chaigne, O. Katz, S. Gigan, E. Bossy, Improving visibility in photoacoustic imaging using dynamic speckle illumination, Optics Letters 38, 5188 (2013) link
  • S. Groeblacher, S. Gigan, M. Paternostro, Phase-space behavior and conditional dynamics of an optomechanical system, Phys. Rev. A 88, 023813 (2013) link
  • J. Wang, J.F Leger, J. Binding, A.C. Boccara, S. Gigan, and L. Bourdieu, Measuring aberrations in the rat brain by coherence-gated wavefront sensoring using a Linnik interferometer, Biomedical Optics Express 3, 2510 (2012) link
  • N. Bachelard, J. Andreasen, S. Gigan, and P. Sebbah, Taming Random Lasers through Active Spatial Control of the Pump, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033903 (2012) link
    • Focus: How to Control a Random Laser, APS’s Physics, 5,80 (2012)
  • S. M. Popoff, A. Aubry, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, and S. Gigan, Exploiting the Time-Reversal Operator for Adaptive Optics, Selective Focusing, and Scattering Pattern Analysis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 263901 (2011) link
  • S. M. Popoff, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, A. C. Boccara, S. Gigan, Controlling Light Through Optical Disordered Media : Transmissiom Matrix Approach, New J. Phys. 13 123021 (2011) link
  • J. Ben Arous, J. Binding, J.F. Léger, M. Casado, S. Gigan, A.C. Boccara, L. Bourdieu, Single myelin fiber imaging in living rodents without labeling by deep optical coherence microscopy, Journal of Biomedical Optics 16 (11), 116012 (2011) link
  • N. Curry, P. Bondareff, M. Leclercq, N. F. van Hulst, R. Sapienza, S. Gigan, S. Gresillon, Direct Determination of Diffusion Properties of Random Media from Speckle Contrast, Optics Letters 36, 3332 (2011) link
  •  D.J. McCabe, A. Tajalli, D.R. Austin, P. Bondareff, I.A. Walmsley, S. Gigan, B. Chatel, spatio-temporal focussing of an ultrafast pulse through a multiply scattering medium, Nature Communications 2:447 (2011) link
  • J. Binding, J. Ben Arous, J.F. Léger, S. Gigan, A.C. Boccara, L. Bourdieu, In vivo rat brain refractive index measurement using full-field OCT and consequences for two photon microscopy, Optics Express 19, 4833 (2011) link
  • S. Popoff, G. Lerosey, M. Fink, A.C. Boccara, S. Gigan, Image Transmission Through an Opaque Material, Nature Communications 1:81 (2010) link
    • Nature Research Highlight 467, 503 (2010) “Optics: Through a Glass darkly”
  • S. Popoff, G. Lerosey, R. Carminati, M. Fink, A.C. Boccara, S. Gigan Measuring the Transmission Matrix in Optics: An Approach to the Study and Control of Light Propagation in Disordered Media Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 100601 (2010) link
    • G. van Putten and A. P. Mosk The information age in optics: Measuring the transmission matrix, Physics, 3, 22 (2010)
    • Complex media: Transmission matrix clout research highlights, Nature photonics, 4, 264 (2010)


  • S. Labiau, G. David, S. Gigan, A.C. Boccara, Defocus test and defocus correction in full-field optical coherence tomography, Opt. Lett. 34, 1576 (2009) link
  • S. Groeblacher, J. B. Hertzberg, M. R. Vanner, S. Gigan, K. C. Schwab, M. Aspelmeyer, Demonstration of an ultracold micro-optomechanical oscillator in a cryogenic cavity, Nature Physics, 5, 485 (2009) link
  • G. D. Cole, S. Groeblacher, K. Gugler, S. Gigan, M. Aspelmeyer, Monocrystalline AlGaAs heterostructures for high-reflectivity high-Q micromechanical resonators in the MHz regime, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261108 (2008) link
  • C.Genes, D. Vitali, P. Tombesi, S. Gigan, M. Aspelmeyer, Ground-state cooling of a micromechanical oscillator: Comparing cold damping and cavity-assisted cooling schemes, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033804 (2008) link
  • S. Groeblacher, S. Gigan, H. R. Boehm, A. Zeilinger, M. Aspelmeyer, Radiation pressure self-cooling of a micromirror in a cryogenic environment, Eur. Phys. Lett. 81, 54003 (2008) link
    • selected in EPL Best of 2008 collection
  • M. Paternostro, D. Vitali, S. Gigan, M. S. Kim, C. Brukner, J. Eisert, M. Aspelmeyer, Creating and probing multipartite macroscopic entanglement with light, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 250401 (2007) link
  • D. Vitali, S. Gigan, A. Ferreira, H. R. Boehm, P. Tombesi, A. Guerreiro, V. Vedral, A. Zeilinger, M. Aspelmeyer, Optomechanical entanglement between a movable mirror and a cavity field Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 030405 (2007) link
  • S. Gigan, H. R. Böhm, M. Paternostro, F. Blaser, G. Langer, J.B. Hertzberg, K. C. Schwab, D. Bäuerle, M. Aspelmeyer, A. Zeilinger self-cooling of a micro-mirror by radiation pressure, Nature 444, 67 (2006) link
    • “Highlight of the recent literature”, Science, Jan 2007
    • Nature News & Views article by Khaled Karrai; ibid. page 42
  • H. Böhm, S. Gigan, G. Langer, J. Hertzberg, F. blaser, D. Bauerle, K.C. Schwab, A. Zeilinger, M. Aspelmeyer High reflectivity high-Q micromechanical Bragg mirror, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223101 (2006) link
  • M. Paternostro, S. Gigan, M S Kim, F Blaser, H R Böhm and M Aspelmeyer Reconstructing the dynamics of a movable mirror in a detuned optical cavity, New Journ. Phys. 8 No 6, 107 (2006) link
  • S. Gigan, L. Lopez, V. Delaubert, N. Treps, A. Maitre and C. Fabre Continuous-wave phase-sensitive parametric image amplification, Journal of Modern Optics 53, 5, 809 (2006) link
  • S.Gigan, L. Lopez, N. Treps, A. Maître an C. Fabre Image transmission through a stable paraxial cavity, Phys. Rev. A 72, 023804 (2005) link
  • A.Gatti, L. Lopez, S. Gigan, A. Maître, C. Fabre, Effects of finite length of the nonlinear medium on the multimode squeezing properties of a confocal OPO, Phys. Rev. A 72, 013806 (2005) link
  • M. Martinelli, N. Treps, S. Ducci, S. Gigan, A. Maître, C. Fabre, Spatial distribution of quantum intensity correlations in a confocal Type II Optical Parametric Oscillators, Phys. Rev. A 67, 023808 (2003) link